Weed Biology

Weed Biology Overview

Weed biology which refers to the study of weeds, their species, growth pattern, and management practices is targeted at minimizing the detrimental effects of weeds on crops. Weeds lead to crop failure, reduce farm yields and negatively impact the income of farmers. On water bodies, they prevent free drainage, cause pollution which leads to the death of aquatic animals. This emphasizes the importance of weed biology.
In crop production, weed biology considers seed dormancy, germination, reproduction, growth and competitiveness of plants. An understanding of these factors is essential to weed management as weeds take advantage of, and thrive based on favourable environmental conditions which have been provided for plant growth. Integrated Weed Management (IWM) practices are therefore required to ensure that weeds are eliminated without negatively impacting plants. It may be difficult for a single management approach to successfully eliminate them. Integrated Weed Management therefore relies on the knowledge of weed biology for its effective implementation. Inadequate information remains a major setback to the discipline. In order to understand weeds and how they can be eliminated, sufficient amount of information on available species and their peculiarities is required to proffer sound solutions through research. Our experts at Tengrain Science are available for consultations on weed biology.