Agricultural Machinery

Agricultural Machinery Overview

Machineries such as tractors, ploughs, harvesters, cultivators, and harrows are products of integrating engineering techniques with agriculture. Prior to this, farmers depended largely on crude farming implements which were inadequate to meet growing food demands. Agricultural machineries perform farm operations efficiently, thus, reducing on-farm labour requirements in addition to saving time and other resources. Though expensive, there are farm machineries for every operation along the food production chain, from tillage to harvesting. However, tractors are the most popular because they serve as vehicles for coupling other implements.
Mechanization is largely influenced by land-use policies, social, environmental, political, and economic factors within a country. Therefore, when compared, mechanization is predominant in developed countries than it is in developing countries where agriculture is practiced by mostly peasants with low household income levels. The use of machineries is essential for the achievement of food security. Irrigation for example ensures that food is available all year round including in regions of deficit. Machines can also be adopted as a strategy to encourage youth engagement in agriculture. Rural-urban migration and youth abandonment of agriculture is necessitated by the drudgery involved in traditional agricultural practices. However, an approach which reduces labour and delivers quicker results would likely attract more practitioners – youths inclusive. Tengrain Science is initiating public-private partnerships to enable more farmer’s access farm machineries.