Physiology, Plant Sciences

Physiology, Plant Sciences Overview

Similar to animals, plants have physiological processes that enable their survival. These processes include metabolism, growth, seed germination, dormancy, photosynthesis, perspiration, evapotranspiration, reproduction and defense. Plant physiological processes are influenced by climatic and environmental factors and facilitated by different parts of plants. These factors including water, light, temperature, salinity, carbon dioxide, and nutrients affect plants differently. Transpiration is affected by temperature and water; xylem flow is affected by water and nutrients; stomatal control by carbon dioxide, water and temperature and photorespiration by carbon dioxide and sunlight. Plant physiology studies these functions of plants, how they occur and the factors that influence them. Photosynthesis which traps carbon and produces oxygen used by other living organisms occurs through the leaves of plants.
This process is affected by sunlight (bright light and high temperature). The role of leaves in photosynthesis as well as other parts of plants in physiological processes creates a close relationship between plant physiology and plant anatomy which studies the shape, size, structure, and parts of plants. Understanding the physiological processes of crops is very relevant to food production. It enables plant breeding, seed production, and genetic modification of crops to produce high yielding, environmental and climate resistant varieties. Please contact us today for