Microbiology Overview

There are over a trillion microorganisms living on the earth with only less than 1% discovered so far. These organisms cannot be seen with the naked eyes except with the aid of a microscope. They have the ability to live almost anywhere including on and inside water bodies, wood, food, rocks and deserts. Examples of microorganisms include bacteria, viruses, protozoa, algae and fungi. Interestingly, these organisms are able to adapt and thrive under different climatic condition; either extremely cold or hot temperatures; high or low relative humidity. Although microorganisms have detrimental effects on human health like their ability to cause cholera, tuberculosis, and other diseases, they have overtime found relevance in medicine and the food industry.
Microbiology deals with the study of these microorganisms, their classification and structure, features, characteristics, interactions within the ecosystem and application across industries. Through microbiology, microorganisms have become useful to humans. The discipline is applied in water treatment, catalysis of chemical reactions in food processing, and in the production of vitamins B2 and B12. It is also relevant to developing improved traits of living organisms through genomics and genetic engineering. To boost the immune systems of animals against diseases, microbiology enables the inactivation and/or modification of microorganisms in the production of vaccines. At the centre of these innovations is research. An understanding of the latter is why at Tengrain, we assist our clients with the creation of collaborative research spaces among other services.