Applied Chemistry

Applied Chemistry Overview

The application of chemistry in agriculture is mostly prevalent in soil science. It studies the chemical interactions between plants, animals, and their environment, and reveals opportunities available from their interactions. Genetic and microbiological linkages in agriculture are facilitated by the application of chemistry in agriculture.
Agrochemicals including fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides and nematicides are products of chemical reactions targeted at protecting crops and enhancing soil fertility. Although these provide immediate results, the long-term effect on the environment is often debated. Many argue that the consistent use of chemicals on the soil is injurious to both the soil and its surrounding environment. Crops treated to agrochemicals are also said to be harmful to the human body overtime as significant chemical compositions are not broken down before harvest and subsequent consumption.

The agrochemicals industry is large because of the need to intensify food production with fewer resources. It is therefore estimated to reach a market value of about $272 billion in 6 years. Nonetheless, the shift in dietary patterns of consumers to healthier organic food option is likely to affect the industry’s growth over time. Other areas of its application in agriculture include photosynthesis, food processing and storage, and manufacturing plastic materials used on the farm. Interestingly, Tengrain Science is promoting collaborative research in this area.