Crop physiology

Crop physiology Overview

Crop physiology is very useful for several reasons including for pest and disease control, supplying the right amount of soil nutrients at the right time and overall efficient use of resources. The latter makes crop physiology important to environmental management especially climate change adaptation and mitigation, and understanding the impact of climate change overtime. Crop physiology which is a sub-discipline of botany is concerned mainly with the internal activities of plant such as photosynthesis, transpiration, germination, respiration, tropism, and other physical and chemical processes that support plant growth. It includes sub-disciplines like plant morphology which is focused on studying the plant structure, plant pathology focused on the study of diseases; cellular interactions, molecular and cell biology etc.
The science is useful to agriculturists and horticulturists especially in the cultivation of fruits and vegetables, and understanding the best times for planting and harvesting. Also an understanding of plants physiology assists microbiologists make improvements to a plant’s original structure and make-up to produce varieties that are resilient to climate change effects and resistant to pests and diseases. For instance, scientists in Netherlands have discovered that plants can become flood resistant after signalling a molecule. Efforts like this would ensure that food is produced and made available in all seasons. This is why Tengrain Science is facilitating collaborative research spaces between and within Institutions. Contact us today for more enquiries.