Water Resources

Water Resources Overview

In agriculture, water resources remain the backbone of production and other aspects of the value-chain. All year round, water is required in crop and livestock production. Water resources in agriculture can be classified as either underground or surface water. Underground water is required to support plant growth while surface water can be harnessed for irrigation, generating electricity on the farm or processing plants, livestock production, and postharvest clean-up. It can also be adopted as a means of transportation through water bodies, and a source of aquatic species like fish, prawns, crabs, and shrimps. While underground water is sourced from below the earth’s surface – usually in soils, surface water can be sourced from rivers, lakes, the atmosphere, ocean, lake, reservoirs, and rocks.
In recent times, climate change has impacted global water resources negatively with extremely high temperatures, drying up of water bodies and inconsistencies in rainfall pattern. The increased demand for water in urban settings as a result of increasing population and industrialization also continue to affect the availability of water for agricultural production. As a result, sustainable food systems require new strategies to water management. Some experts advocate for the recycling of water on the farm using advanced technology for treatment. This way water resources are efficiently utilized and not wasted. At Tengrain Science, we are actively involved in the management of water resources for sustained agricultural production.