Nutrition Overview

Living organisms including plants and animals require nutrients for normal functioning. These nutrients are supplied through nutrition which is described as the process of consuming, absorbing, and utilizing nutrients for growth, development, and maintenance. In animals, nutrients are sourced from food which contain a mix of essential nutrient components. These components include carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, water, minerals, fiber and vitamins, all which serve different functions. Eating the right nutrient mix aids metabolism of the body’s physiological processes, boosts immune system, and helps with the maintenance of proper body weight. In children, it enables the proper formation of body structure.
Although nutrition in plants serves the same function, it occurs differently. Plants absorb nutrients from the soil through their roots. This is why plants are unable to survive in the absence of soil nutrients. Soil nutrients include Potassium, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulphur, Carbon, and Calcium as macronutrients, and Manganese, Boron, and Zinc as micronutrients. Macronutrients are required in large amounts while micronutrients are required in trace amounts. In the absence of certain required soil nutrients, fertilizers are applied to boost supply and subsequent productivity of the soil and plants. However, for economic and environmental reasons, it is advised that deficient soil nutrients are applied based on recommendations from soil testing and not extrapolations. Tengrain Science provides expert advisory services on soil testing and fertilizer recommendation to clients. Please leave us a message with your enquiries.