Poultry Science

Poultry Science Overview

The poultry industry is quite large, contributes to national and international economy, feeds a significant part of the world’s population and serves food, furniture, paper and plastic industries. Poultry provides one of the world’s largest sources of animal protein source and contributes to employment generation. Also, meat from poultry is relevant to human nutrition because it is widely considered as healthier with lower fat levels and less contribution to greenhouse gas emission. Essential by-products from poultry include meat, egg, feather and manure. With Brazil, China and the United States as leading producers, global poultry industry is estimated to reach a production level of over 100 million metric tons by 2025. Factors such as increasing awareness of the health benefits of poultry meat, increasing awareness of the contributions of beef production to climate change, technology, improved farm infrastructure and animal welfare are contributory to the growth of the industry worldwide.
Poultry science studies the genetics, embryology, and physiology of poultry birds (chicken, turkey, and ducks) including their nutrition, and management practices. Of all poultry birds, chickens are most popular and most consumed by households and manufacturers. Poultry science is relevant to the growth of the poultry industry as it gives insight on birds and the efficient management practices required to ensure they perform optimally all year round. It is also required to navigate trending industry challenges relating to high cost of inputs which has led to a hike in prices of poultry products. Tengrain Science is actively involved in building capacity of farmers and other value-chain actors on improved practices for efficient resource utilization amidst looming global resource scarcity.